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Manuscript Library

Welcome to the Booth Library manuscript index. 

The manuscript index contains links to finding aids for the collections of the Booth Library.  Each finding aid has a description of that collection along with a listing of the items within that collection.  The Booth Library staff and volunteers are updating the index daily in order to make your research experience more productive.

The Manuscript Index is arranged alphabetically by collection name.  To access a finding aid, please click on its name.

To search the Manuscript Index for a specific research topic, please enter the term into the Search Library Box below. 


Please keep in mind that many collections have not been inventoried while others are currently in progress.  If you have any questions regarding the Finding Aids or the Index, please contact the archivist at archivist@chemungvalleymuseum.org

Collection TitleMC 02 Civil War CollectionCreatorBooth Library
Processed ByKimberly Richards, Calvin Brewer
Date Completed:Spring 2006
Provenance:The Civil War Collection was donated to the Booth Library by various donors, including Historians George Farr, Michael Horigan and Carl Morell, as well as purchases made by George Farr on behalf of the Chemung County Historical Society.
Terms:

 

Historical:Elmira, New York played a very important role during the Civil War. In 1861 Gov. Edwin B. Morgan designated Elmira as a Military Depot and in 1863 the US Government named Elmira as a Draft Rendezvous. Officers and enlisted men totaling 20, 796 were sent south from Elmira, who served in some of the most prestigious regiments including the 107th New York Volunteers and the 50th New York Engineers. Elmira first served as a place for mustering troops, some of the more famous being the 107th New York Volunteers and the 50th New York Engineers. In 1864 commanders at Elmira received word that they would also serve as a place for Prisoners of War. The Elmira Prison Camp existed for a year and four days, from June 6, 1864 to July 10, 1865. During that time over 12,000 confederates at one time or another were stationed in Elmira. Due to miscommunication, personality conflicts and malnutrition, 2963 men died over the period of that year. These men were buried by John W. Jones, an ex-slave, who became a prominent citizen within the Black Community. The Confederate War Dead are in Woodlawn National Cemetery, accessible by the Davis Street Entrance.
Scope:The largest series in this collection are boxes j-o. These boxes contain all the research information Michael Horigan put together for his book Elmira: Death Camp of the North, published in 2001. The Chemung County Historical Society is still actively collecting documents for this collection and it will continue to grow.
Notes:

 

Extent4.5 linear feet
Date Span1860-Present
AbstractThe Civil War collection contains originals and copies of letters, diaries and documents produced during the Civil War, 1861-1865, including the Elmira Prison Camp, 1864-1865, as well as recent articles and research.


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TitleDocumentBox NumberFolder NumberLocation
Copies of newspaper articles from the Elmira Weekly Gazette or the Elmira Gazette. Dates include: October 4, 1849, May 9, 1861, May 23, 1861, July 4, 1861, August 22, 1861, August 29, 1861, July 31, 1862, August 7, 1862, August 6, 1863, December 30, 1863, September 8, 1864.ArticleO05
A newspaper article from the Elmira Daily Press for August 16, 1861.ArticleO06
Copies of newspaper articles from the Elmira Daily Republican. Dates include: July 6, 1854, July 9, 1854. July 11, 1854, July 12, 1854, September 2, 1854, November 23, 1854, December 2, 1854, and June 13, 1855.ArticleO07
Copies of newspaper articles from the Southern Tier Leader from Jan-Feb 1876 regarding the Amnesty Debate.ArticleO08
Copies of newspaper articles from the Albany Atlas and Argus for the years 1861 and 1864. Highlighted articles include: Butcher's Meat in Elmira, July 26, 1864; "The Cry of the Prisoners", Oct 12, 1864; A Poem from Andersonville, Sept 28, 1864; Lincoln's Refusal to Exchange Prisoners, Sept 28, 1864; McClellan Rally in Elmira, Sept 9, 1864; "Dread of Negro Equality", July 23, 1864, A Lynching Affair on the Baltimore Railroad, Aug 25, 1864 and 4 Soldiers Murdered, July 6, 1861.ArticleO09
Copies of newspaper articles from the Army and Navy Journal. Highlighted articles include: Life in Libby Prison, Jun 10, 1865 [see Libby Prison File]; Status of Rebel Prisoners of War, May 27, 1865; Criticisms of Troops Quartered in Elmira, Dec 17, 1864; "The Elmira Barracks" Jan 7, 1865; "Where are the Surgeons?" Dec 24, 1864 [see Medicine and Surgery file]; "Retaliation, Jan 28, 1865; "Whiskey in the Army" Apr 15, 1865; and "Railroads in War", Apr 15, 1865 [see Transportation file].ArticleO10
Copies of newspaper articles from the Atlanta Constitution during the year 1876. Highlighted articles include: Benjamin Hill's Speech Jan 12, 14 & 19 and Criticism of Blaine Jan 14, 1876.ArticleO11
Copies of newspaper articles from the Bangor Daily Whig and Courier, 1876. Highlighted articles include: Amnesty Debate, Jan 12-20; "A Bitter Confederate Speech", Jan 13; "Boot-Licking Adnauseam", Jan 18; and "Hill of the House", Jan 19.ArticleO12
Copies of newspaper articles from the Binghamton Standard, 1862 and 1864. Highlighted articles include: Military Mutiny in East NY, Aug 27, 1862; Prisoner Exchange, Aug 27, 1862; Letters from Camp Susquehanna, Sept 3, 1862; A Union Soldier Tells of Elmira Barracks, Sept. 21, 1864; "Rebel Cruelties to Prisoners", Jun 8, 1864; Observation Tower, Sept 7, 1864; and Clark & Co. Slaughterhouse, Oct. 12, 1864.ArticleO13
Copies of newspaper articles from the Charleston News and Courier, 1876. Contains Biographical Information on Benjamin Hill, Jan 20, 1876.ArticleO14
Copies of newspaper articles from the Jackson Daily Times. Highlighted articles include: "Washington Chronicle" article: Critical of Hill and Supportive of Elmira Prison, Jan 21, 1876; Debate: Untimely and Inappropriate, Jan 14, 1876; and Criticisms of Hill, Jan 15, 1876.ArticleO15
Copies of newspaper articles from the National Intelligencer, a Washington DC newspaper. Dates include: July 25, 1864, July 27, 1864, Oct. 7, 1864, Oct. 14, 1864, Oct. 19, 1864, Oct. 29, 1864, Nov. 1, 1864, Nov. 8, 1864 and Nov. 9, 1864.ArticleO16
Copies of newspaper articles from the Natchez Daily Democrat from 1876. Highlighted articles include: Criticism of Blain, Jan 12, 1876 and Paul A. Botto's Editorial, Jan. 14, 1876.ArticleO17
Copies of newspaper articles from the New York Express, 1864 and 1876. Highlighted articles include: Unrest in Elmira, Aug 2, 1864; Crops, Aug 6, 1864; and Weather, Aug. 6, 1864.ArticleO18
Copies of newspaper articles from the New York Express, 1864 and 1876. Highlighted articles include: Unrest in Elmira, Aug 2, 1864; Crops, Aug 6, 1864; and Weather, Aug. 6, 1864.ArticleO19
Copies of newspaper articles from the New York Evening Post, 1864. Highlighted articles include: Prison Experiences of Union Officer, Aug 12; Rebel Prisoners at Elmira, Aug 17; Supplies for Prisoners of War, Aug 18; Wants of our Soldiers, Aug 18; Surgeon Hammond Sentenced, Aug 22; Crops, Aug 22; Union Prisoners in Georgia, Aug 23; Rebel Camp at Elmira, Aug 25; and Prisoner Unrest in Elmira, Aug 2 & 3.ArticleO20
Copies of newspaper articles from the New York Times, 1862. Dates included are: July 24, 1862, and August 11, 1862.ArticleO21
Copies of newspaper articles from the New York Times, 1864. Highlighted articles include: A Call For Retaliation, Mar 31; Rebel Treatment of Union Prisoners, Oct.2; Rebels at Elmira, Oct 9; Treatment of Prisoners - North & South, Oct. 16; Treatment of Prisoners at Point Lookout, Oct. 16; Prisoners and Alleviation of Sufferings, Oct. 28; Relief for Prisoners, Oct 28 & 29; Sec. of State J.P. Benjamin on Prisoners, Oct. 30; "Not the Time to Surrender" Nov 1; Lee Grant Letter Exchange Nov. 1; Escape of W. F. Martin, Nov 6; and Letter: "Our Prisoners in the South", Nov. 6.ArticleO22
Copies of newspaper articles from the New York Times, 1876. Highlighted articles include: Hill Charge Against Elmira, Jan. 12; Amnesty Debate, Jan 12-18; and R. R. R. Dumars Letter, Jan 16.ArticleO23
Copies of newspaper articles from the New York Times, 1864 and 1876. Highlighted articles include: Rebel Atrocities Toward Prisoners, Oct 21, 1864; Union Prisoners Released, Oct 19, 1864; Jeff Davis Letter, Feb 7, 1876; Editorial: "The Great Debate", Jan 14, 1876; Amnesty Debate, Jan 12-15, 1876; and Reaction to Hill's Speech, Jan 12, 1876.ArticleO24
Copies of newspaper articles from the New York World, 1876 Highlighted articles include: Amnesty Debate, Jan 12-13, 1876.ArticleO25
Copies of newspaper articles from the Portland Advertiser 1876 Highlighted articles include: Amnesty Debate, Jan 13-15, 1876.ArticleO26
Copies of newspaper articles from the Portland Daily Eastern Argus, 1876 Highlighted articles include: Amnesty Debate, Jan 12.ArticleO27
Copies of newspaper articles from the Rochester Democrat and Chronicle, 1876 Highlighted articles include: Blaine's Amendment to Amnesty Bill, Jan 12; "The Rebel Prison at Elmira, Jan 13; Amnesty Debate, Jan 14 & Jan 17; Criticism of Ben Hill, Jan 18; and Elmira Reformatory, Jan 24.ArticleO28
Copies of newspaper articles from the Rochester Union and Advertiser, 1864. Highlighted articles include: Shohola Train Wreck, Jul 18 & 19 [see Shohola File]; The 54th Under Union Guard, Aug 1; Rebel Prisoners Uneasy, Aug 2; Matters at Elmira (Observation Tower), Aug.12; Political Friction, Aug 16; "From Elmira" (Camp Chemung), Aug 17; Rejected Men Marked By Surgeons, Aug 17; The Sympathy Question, Aug 18; Rebel Prisoners at Elmira, Aug 27; Elmira Gazette Quote on Newman's Band, Aug 29; Pity for Prisoners, Sept. 5; Sufferings of Union Prisoners, Sept 12 (Ques of Prisoner Exchange); Letter From Elmira, Sept. 13; "Our Suffering Prisoners in Rebeldom" Oct. 11; Corticism of Prisoner Policy, Oct. 8; and Weather, Aug 5, Aug 11 and July 19.ArticleO29
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